Following on from his article last month Brian Finney brings the latest news on Multi-wavelength observations with a portrait of a star-forming cloud, called NGC 346 which is the brightest star-forming region in the Small Magellanic Cloud.
The colour code is red for infra red wavelengths showing cold dust; green for visible wavelengths and blue for X-rays. Ordinary stars appear as blue spots with white centres while young stars enshrouded in dust appear as red spots with white centres. The following photograph and details come direct from and are attributed to NASA.
This portrait of a star-forming cloud, called NGC 346, is a combination of multiwavelength light from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope (infrared), the European Southern Observatory’s New Technology Telescope (visible), and the European Space Agency’s XMM-Newton space telescope (X-ray).
The infrared observations highlight cold dust in red, visible data show glowing gas in green, and X-rays show very warm gas in blue. Ordinary stars appear as blue spots with white centres, while young stars enshrouded in dust appear as red spots with white centres.
The colourful picture demonstrates that stars in this region are being created by two different types of triggered star formation — one involving wind, and the other, radiation. Triggered star formation occurs when massive stars spur new, smaller stars into existence. The first radiation-based mechanism is demonstrated near the centre of the cloud. There, radiation from the massive stars is eating away at the surrounding dust cloud, creating shock waves that compress gas and dust into new stars. This compressed material appears as an arc-shaped orange-red filament, while the new stars within this filament are still blanketed with dust and cannot be seen.
The second wind-based mechanism is at play higher up in the cloud. The isolated, pinkish blob of stars at the upper left was triggered by winds from a massive star located to the left of it. This massive star blew up in a supernova explosion 50,000 years ago, but before it died, its winds pushed gas and dust together into new stars. While this massive star cannot be seen in the image, a bubble created when it exploded can be seen near the large, white spot with a blue halo at the upper left (this white spot is actually a collection of three stars).
NGC 346 is the brightest star-forming region in the Small Magellanic Cloud, an irregular dwarf galaxy that orbits our Milky Way galaxy, 210,000 light-years away.